History and Climatology Lessons from Two of Peru’s Top Tourist Sites



Greg Gullberg is a highly accomplished and respected television journalist, but he also has a very colorful academic background in anthropology and astronomy. While in college, Gullberg was a research field assistant on an Archeo-Astronomical expedition in Peru. His team was studying the ancient Inca civilization which was devastated by the Spanish Conquistadors in the 16th century. They studied the relationship between Incan artifacts and the constellations in the night sky. Their research sites varied wildly between remote locations at the tops of mountains to the famous tourism destination of Machu Picchu.

Peru is a beautiful country offering all the trappings of a popular South American tourist destination: high mountains, deep rain forests, a vibrant culture, and a rich history. Here are two popular Peruvian sites that both dazzle and educate:

Islas Uros

Forming Lake Titicaca’s main attraction, these floating islands are nestled just seven kilometers east of Puno, a vibrant trade hub in South America. The islands are constructed with the floating totora reeds growing in the lake so the ground is soft and springy. Layers and layers of reeds form the foundation of the islands and natives must constantly replenish the top layers as the bottom ones rot away. The edible reeds are also used to construct homes and boats. Built centuries ago to enable their escape from hostile tribes, the history of the native Uros people is interwoven with the reeds, enriching tourists with a powerful lesson on innovating for survival.

Cordillera Blanca

It is the world’s highest range of tropical mountains and includes some of South America’s highest peaks. These include Nevado Alpamayo, which stretches 5,947 meters into the sky and was once described by the Austrian Alpine Club as the world’s most beautiful mountain. Others include Peru’s highest mountain, Nevado Huascaran, which rises 6,768 meters, Nevado Santa Cruz, and Nevado Quitaraju. Located in the tropics, the mountain glaciers here have significantly retreated over the decades and so has the snow line, giving tourists a peek into the effects of global warming.


An Introduction to Confidential Sources in Journalism



Building strong community relationships has been the cornerstone of Greg Gullberg’s journalism career. Gullberg has been able to break many big stories through trusted sources. Those relationships are built on mutual trust and respect. Greg Gullberg believes that it is always best to get information on-record, but there are times when a source must be kept confidential.

Protection of anonymous sources in the field of journalism can be a complex topic. On one hand, it is vitally important not only to the field of journalism, but to the integrity of the nation’s news and justice systems, that citizens feel journalists can provide important, accurate information to news outlets without fear of professional or personal backlash. However, law enforcement officials may find themselves in desperate need of contacting a journalist’s confidential source in order to solve or further the investigation a case, leaving the journalist in a difficult position.

Various states have passed legislation in this area, such as the Colorado Press Shield Law, which prevents journalists from being subpoenaed and forced to reveal anonymous sources. The law was at the center of the James E. Holmes case in 2013. Holmes had been charged as the man responsible for the Aurora, Colorado, movie theater shooting. During the investigation, New York reporter Jana Winter cited two anonymous police officers as describing one of the suspect’s journals as full of plans for a mass shooting. The journal had allegedly been mailed by Holmes to a psychiatrist prior to the shooting.

As the case moved to trial, Judge Carlos Samour, Jr., stated that if Winter was called to trial and did not reveal the names of her sources, she could face up to six months in prison. The announcement sent shock waves throughout the field. Ultimately New York courts, with some of the nation’s most protective shield laws, prevented Winter from taking the stand. Holmes, meanwhile, was sentenced to life in prison, with an additional sentence of 3,318 years.

Perspectives on Mentorship from the Mentor’s and Employee’s Side


The mark of a good mentor is that their students develop and become mentors themselves. Greg Gullberg is an example of when mentorship works like it is supposed to. Gullberg enjoyed great mentors while in college, an internship at CNN, and in his early journalism career. Now that he is transitioning into being an industry veteran, he is paying it forward. Greg Gullberg has become an excellent mentor himself to young talent coming up through the ranks.

In any organization, the junior staff of today are the leaders of tomorrow. However, tension sometimes may exist between junior and senior staff. Juniors may regard their seniors as too rigid and not open to new ideas, while seniors may look at the youthful energy of juniors as undisciplined. Mentorship is a good way of acknowledging and bridging this generational gap.

From a mentor’s point of view, mentorship provides the opportunity to demonstrate leadership and mold tomorrow’s leaders. The mentor can share his or her years of experience and insights with juniors to help them understand the industry they are in. Open communication between the two will also help seniors understand the career development goals of new recruits and the obstacles they face in adapting to the company’s culture. With this increased understanding, internal policies can be structured to foster growth and remove work-related bottlenecks. Mentors can also spot potential leaders. These high performers can quickly become an asset to the business. Guiding their growth by exposing them to the different workings of the organization will help them be better decision makers as today’s juniors and tomorrow’s leaders.

For junior employees, mentorship presents an opportunity to learn. Mentors help reinforce academic knowledge with the practical skills of the work place. They also give invaluable career advice accumulated from their years of experience. Such insights would take juniors years to acquire on their own. Employees should also realize that advancing in an organization is much easier when a mentor is guiding them.